Van Mieu-Quoc Tu Giam is located in the south of the ancient city of Thang Long areas, total Huu experimentation, Tho Xuong district; French colonial village Thinh Hao, General Yen Ha, Hoang Long District, Ha Dong province. The city of Hanoi. Four sides are, the main port city Quoc Tu Giam (the South), north Nguyen Thai Hoc Street, west of Ton Duc Thang Street, east of the city is the Temple of Literature. Architectural complex is located in an area of 54331m2, including: lake Van, Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam and garden home architecture that could be Van worship Confucius Temple and Quoc Tu Giam, the first high school Vietnam.
Temple of Literature was built (1070) the second in Spirit Vu Ly Thanh Tong (Dai Viet to Complete. Nxb. Social Sciences, Hanoi, Episode 1, tr.234) written: "Autumn in August, the Temple of Literature, covering subjects, Confucius, Chu and from the lungs, about sensitive subjects very low, four seasons sacrifice. Crown Prince to that school. " . So in addition to the worship of Confucius Temple holy Tien, a history of small islands, also has the function of a school that students first Royal Prince Li Qian Germany, the son of King Ly Thanh Tong to Raw fees Y Lan, I was only 5 years old, and in 1072 came to the throne to become King Ly Nhan Tong.
In 1076, Ly Nhan Tong stance Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam side can be considered as the first university in Vietnam. Initially, the school only for the king and the higher your rights (so called National University). (Vietnam to outline reduction. Publisher. Still local. 1957) says: "Year of the Dragon, the year of Chieu Anh Vu Thang April 1 ... set of Literature; recruitment in the legal sense retrieve those documents school and at it. " 1156, Ly Anh Tong amended Van Mieu and worship Confucius.
Statue of King Ly Nhan Tong
Five 3rd 1253, King Tran Thai Tong Quoc Tu Giam changed to National Institute for expansion and acquisition of the children of civilians have very excellent school. National schools function more and more prominent functions of a sacrifice "Third Quarter Ox (1253) ... June up the bowl phenomenon Confucius Institute, Chu and Blessed, drawing objects 72 sage to church ... September edict for the the domestic grape degree to the National Academy lecture on Thu, green business "(DVSKTT). Range Application Spirit held the upper library make dikes Nations from work to look after the Study of Literature.
Tran Minh Tong, Chu Van An was appointed National Director from now (the principal) and direct teacher of princes. In 1370 he died, King Tran Nghe Tong for worship at the Temple of Literature next to Confucius.
To Post-Le Dynasty, Confucianism was popular. In 1484, Le Thanh Tong beer up of those who pass the doctorate degree examination 1442 onwards (the policy proposed in 1442 but not yet implemented). Each department, a plaque placed on the back of the turtle. By then, the Le has held 12 high-end examinations, Le Thanh Tong (1460-1497) has been regularly held every three years, on 12 examinations.
Not all examinations conducted finish are etched beer now, is not built, permanent existence, not damaged, no loss. From time to time with the heavy build, rebuild, as in 1653 (first year Thinh Duc, 1717 (Vinh Thinh 13th year).
End of the Le Canh Hung, beer still carved regularly. Although no longer hold enough beer, the value of sculptures and precious historical documents.
Nguyen Dynasty, National University established in Hue. In 1802, King Gia Long fix this is the Temple of Literature - Hanoi. President North into the town Nguyen Van Thanh build Khue Van The side of the square. Thus at the beginning of the Nguyen Dynasty, the Temple of Literature Thang Long has once been fixed to only as Literature of the town of North, later renamed the Temple of Literature in Hanoi. Quoc Tu Giam, the government changed the school of Hoai Duc and then in the area build holy temples Revelation to worship Confucius parent.